the author of THIRUKKURAL was born about 30 years before Jesus Christ
in Mylapore, the village of peacocks (Myl in Tamil means peacock),
the present day Chennai, at a time when the Tamil Land was rich
in culture, vivid in its life and adventurous in its commerce. Valluvars
were the priests of outcaste people at that time. Tamilians take
cognizance of the birth of Thiruvalluvar as a basis of Tamil calendar
according to which we are now in the year 2032 of Thiruvalluvar
Thirukkural is regarded as a renowned work, eulogized as a directory
of code of conduct and ethics to humanity. The revered poet not
only deals with the general administration, but also codified clear-cut
directions to the mankind on how they should behave and act in a
social, political, religious and family circles.
The weaver was Thiruvalluvar and the numerous poems he composed
were Thrukkural: “Thiru” plus “Kural”. The
word “Thiru” denotes Kural’s sanctity (sacredness),
and “Kural” means the short verses (couplets). Thirukkural,
meaning sacred couplets, is considered equivalent to the Vedas of
the Hindu Scriptures and “the Bible of the Tamil Land”.
It is evident from the Kurals that Valluvar had plenty of opportunities
to talk to people from abroad and to know their different cultures
and religions. He has taken the best from all cultures and religions
and put them together in Kural form.
All the 1330 couplets portray the simple human pictures of life.
The sacred verses deal very much with political and social affairs
Thirukural in Tamil [click